MEDICINAL PLANTS & NWFP
Identification of Superior Genetic Stock of different medicinal plants
Identified the superior genetic stock (based on high active ingredients content) of Picrorhiza kurroa, Valeriana jatamansi Jones, Podophyllum hexandrum and Berberis aristata by screening various population from different geographical locations. Population assessment, characterization of micro habitat and establishment of FGB (Field Gene Bank) have been carried out for Picrorhiza kurroa, Valeriana jatamansi Jones and Podophyllum hexandrum respectively.
Medicinal plants in Sacred groves of Kullu Valley, Himachal Pradesh were documented and suggested site specific management strategies for conservation of various sacred groves in Kullu Valley of Himachal Pradesh.
Assessed the optimum harvest limits of Picrorhiza kurrooa and Valeriana jatamansi in different natural habitats of Himachal Pradesh.
- Developed macro-proliferation techniques for mass multiplication of Picrorhiza kurrooa (Kutki) and Valeriana jatamansi (Mushakbala) - important medicinal plants of temperate Himalayas:
- Improved techniques for mass production of Aconitum heterophyllum (Atish) and Angelica glauca (Chora) were developed and successfully transferred to local communities".
- Produced around 9 lacs nursery stock of Atish, Kutki, Chora and Mushakbala under various projects.
The institute undertook extensive surveys in different ecologically sensitive and fragile zones in the states of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir and inventorized and documented the different threatened categories of medicinal plants.
The Institute has established the Germplasm bank of 30 species of medicinal plants of temperate Himalayas in Brundhar nursery (Manali); 20 species at Shilly nursery, Solan and 10 species each at Shillaru Nursery (Shimla) and Model Nursery (Shimla) for demonstration purpose to different stakeholders. Studies were conducted for improvement in the nursery techniques of economically important medicinal plant species e.g. Picrorhiza kurrooa (Kutki), Aconitum heterophyllum (Patish), Valeriana jatamansi (Mushkbala), Angelica glauca (Chora) and Podophyllum hexandrum (Bankakdi) etc. Developed marco-proliferation technique for mass multiplication of Kutki and Mushakbala.